Persimmon

History: 

Persimmon appeared more than ten thousand years in China, based on the evidence of existing ancient trees, historic literature records, persimmon calyx pattern decorative objects and archaeological findings. 

Wild status of persimmon existed for thousands of years, and it was domesticated since the Qin dynasty and Han dynasty dating from BC 221 to AC 220. Large scale cultivation appeared in the Tang (AC 618-907) and Song (AC 960-1279) dynasty. Large amount of persimmon trees developed as “woody grain” in the Ming and Qing (AC 1368-1911) dynasty for the famine area. 

Meanwhile, the main production districts were formed in the middle and lower reaches of the Yellow River. During 30 years of reform and opening up in China, persimmon production joined the market economy which promoted its development. 

Cultivated techniques are still backward due to the effect of small-scale peasant economy; as a matter of fact, technology on propagation, astringency removal, storage, officinal and simple processing had minimal improvements during the last two thousand years.

Persimmon is a symbol of good luck in Chinese culture, many designs and shapes are related to persimmon. 

 

Characteristics:

In colour, the ripe fruit of the cultivated strains range from glossy light yellow-orange to dark red-orange depending on the species and variety. 

They similarly vary in size from 1.5 to 9 cm (12 to 3+12 in) in diameter, and

in shape the varieties may be spherical, acorn-, or pumpkin-shaped.

The flesh is astringent until fully ripe and is yellow, orange, or dark-brown in colour. 

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